Buzău County Museum website

The Bronze Age

The collection of artifacts belonging to the Bronze Age from the patrimony of the County Museum consists almost exclusively of materials belonging to the Monteoru culture. They come both from Sărata Monteoru and from the Bronze Age settlements of Năeni, Cârlomăneşti, Gruiu Dării and Aldeni. To these are added objects discovered by chance in Cernăteşti, such as the famous cizmuliţă vessel, unique in the Romanian Bronze Age pottery, bronze ax, etc.), Aldeni - Ţurţudău, Izvoru Dulce - Merei, the surroundings of Buzău etc. Also present are materials belonging to the Noua culture, a culture that chronologically follows the Monteoru type events.
An important place is occupied by the Monteorene cups, a ceramic form often found in this culture, offering vessels, askoi vessels, ornaments (bracelets, necklaces, loop rings) but also tools and weapons of bone-horn, stone (curved knives) and bronze (Celts, spearhead). A special sector is dedicated to the necropolis from Naeni - Colarea belonging to the early Bronze Age in the Carpatho-Danubian area. From here come several Monteorean cups, a askos vessel with three ears on one side and several objects made of bone-horn, stone and bronze. The Biritual Necropolis from Năeni is one of the most representative in the country and is located in an area with a high population density during the Bronze Age, with 5 settlements being identified in the vicinity. An interesting triple burial tomb was searched here. Equally important is the necropolis from Cârlomăneşti - La Arman, located just a few hundred meters from the settlement from Câlomăneşti - Cetăţuie. Here, too, research has identified a rich and impressive archaeological material. Along with the necropolis, the cult complex from Sărata Monteoru - Poiana Scoruşului is also being researched, a space dedicated to religious and ritual practices, an area in the immediate vicinity of the settlement from Cetăţuia point.
The Monteorean settlements, which are being researched, are located on high places, well protected, naturally or artificially fortified. Located close to important natural resources (watercourses, wooded areas, fertile soils, pasture areas), they provide valuable information on the social and economic aspects of Bronze Age communities. It should be noted that although they were in an area with significant salt reserves (both in the soil and on the surface of the soil, as well as in the waters of rivers and streams) no traces of salt exploitation were identified, most likely coming from trade. commercial.

Buzau County Museum

Buzau County Museum is the main museum institution in Buzau County. Its foundations were laid by Basil Iorgulescu and the development of the collections led to several stages of expansion. The current headquarters is the third. From 1977 until now it is housed in the building of the former Girls' School. The building, built between 1931 and 1937, is included in the list of historical monuments, being one of the most imposing buildings in the city.

The permanent exhibitions were opened here in 1980-1981, being subsequently modified and updated in 1986, 1990, 1999-2001, 2004, 2015-2017. The newest project was implemented after the complete restoration of the building (carried out in the period 2010-2015, based on the financing of 36,906,590 lei / 8,201,464 Euros offered through the Regional Operational Program 2007-2013).

In the 1980s and 1990s, the museum's collections became substantially richer as a result of archaeological research, acquisitions, and donations. In addition to the consistent collections of history and archeology, the museum's fund has grown steadily, enriching itself with valuable goods ethnographical, artist, numismatics and in the field of mineralogy and al natural sciences.

Under the auspices of the institution, a series of books were published ("Mousaios Library"), 2 annual scientific bulletins ("Mousaios" and "Annals of the Buzău”), Catalogs and monographs, fruit of the scientific research activity carried out within the museum institution.

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