Buzău County Museum website

The Iron Age

The discoveries belonging to the Iron Age from the patrimony of the Buzău County Museum can be framed chronologically between 700 BC - 106 AD.
From the data we have so far, it appears that the discoveries belonging to the first Iron Age are quite few and seem to reflect a poor habitation in the Buzău area. Most of the artifacts found come from isolated graves or represent weapons and harness, which would highlight the presence of nomadic populations. The most significant discoveries come from isolated tombs. Among them we mention the inventories of the cremation graves from Izvorul Dulce, com Merei, which dates around 700 BC and from Năeni - Colarea, dated in sec. V a. Chr.

The artifacts belonging to the second Iron Age highlight the material and spiritual culture of the Getic dava from Cârlomăneşti- Cetăţuia, the sacred precinct from Pietroasa Mică– Gruiu Dării and the fortress from Târcov, Pârscov commune.
The most interesting pieces come from the archeological researches carried out in the Getic dava from Cârlomăneşti-Cetăţuia, Verneşti commune, an important political, economic and cultural-religious center of the Geto-Dacians from the Buzău area.
Archaeological excavations have revealed numerous buildings and household annexes (hearths, pits), of which there are three large buildings that had an important role from a religious point of view for the community here. The archeological material discovered is extremely rich and consists of: pottery, hand-crafted wheels, tools, utensils, weapons, ornaments, harness and a hoard of silver coins.
Of particular importance, among the discoveries from Cârlomăneşti are the fragments of zoomorphic and anthropomorphic statuettes, which appear in very large numbers (several hundred). The pieces, modeled from clay, represent wolves, wild boars, deer, deer, its birds while anthropomorphic statuettes depict armed men on horseback. These statuettes seem to represent deities, or their attributes, being displayed in public buildings for worship. Another interesting discovery is a fragment of a supply vessel inscribed in Greek, in which a Geto-Dacian king is mentioned.
The discoveries in the sacred precinct of Pietroasa Mică - Gruiu Dării, Pietroasele commune, reflect important aspects of the spiritual life of the Geto-Dacians. The enclosure is placed on an imposing promontory, surrounded by three steep sides, being fortified with an impressive stone wall. This type of monument is unique so far in the Geto-Dacian world, representing a special place where various rituals and offerings dedicated to the gods and the deceased took place. In all probability, the sacred enclosure from Gruiu Dării was an important regional center of worship for the Geto-Dacian communities in the area of the Carpathian curve.
Inside the enclosure were discovered small mounds in which were deposited numerous artifacts specific to the Geto-Dacian era such as: ceramic vessels, ornaments, accessories, household tools and utensils, weapons, harness, most such deposits had rings at the base. , some of them with fireplaces inside.

Buzau County Museum

Buzau County Museum is the main museum institution in Buzau County. Its foundations were laid by Basil Iorgulescu and the development of the collections led to several stages of expansion. The current headquarters is the third. From 1977 until now it is housed in the building of the former Girls' School. The building, built between 1931 and 1937, is included in the list of historical monuments, being one of the most imposing buildings in the city.

The permanent exhibitions were opened here in 1980-1981, being subsequently modified and updated in 1986, 1990, 1999-2001, 2004, 2015-2017. The newest project was implemented after the complete restoration of the building (carried out in the period 2010-2015, based on the financing of 36,906,590 lei / 8,201,464 Euros offered through the Regional Operational Program 2007-2013).

In the 1980s and 1990s, the museum's collections became substantially richer as a result of archaeological research, acquisitions, and donations. In addition to the consistent collections of history and archeology, the museum's fund has grown steadily, enriching itself with valuable goods ethnographical, artist, numismatics and in the field of mineralogy and al natural sciences.

Under the auspices of the institution, a series of books were published ("Mousaios Library"), 2 annual scientific bulletins ("Mousaios" and "Annals of the Buzău”), Catalogs and monographs, fruit of the scientific research activity carried out within the museum institution.

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