Buzău County Museum website

1st millennium AD

During the exhibition, a special importance is given to the objects coming from the archeological researches from the most well-known sites on the territory of Buzău county. Thus, in order to illustrate the historical realities during the 2nd - 4th centuries AD (presence of free Dacians and Sarmatians, vestiges of Sântana de Mureș culture, Romanization process), objects discovered in the necropolises and settlements from Buzău - Est were chosen. , Gura Nişcovului, Izvoru - Dulce, Luciu, Balta Albă, Pietrosu - Costeşti, Pietroasele, Gherăseni and Vadu Sorești. The religious history of the area during this period is reflected graphically by the martyrdom of St. Sava the Goth during the persecutions initiated by Athanaric in the area of the Curvature Subcarpathians (372) and the reproduction of the text of the Martyrdom Act of St. Sava, written in 375/376, text in which is also mentioned for the first time the name of the river Mousaios (Buzau).
The great Hunic invasion and its consequences in the first half of the century. In AD, they are illustrated by a series of remarkable discoveries such as the treasure from Pietroasele, the tomb with diadem from Gherăseni or the clothing accessories from Poşta Câlnău.
For the second half of the first millennium AD, the selected objects have the role of presenting the contribution of the native population, but also of the various migrant populations (Slavs, Avars, Proto-Bulgarians) and the Byzantine Empire, (VI - VII centuries) and Dridu (VIII - XI centuries), the most representative coming from Cândeşti, Pietroasa Mică, Sărata Monteoru, Dobrilești, Clondiru de Sus, Pietroasele, Homeşti, Izvorul Dulce and Ulmeni.
The section dedicated to medieval history begins with the presentation of the most important cave hermitages in the area Nucu - Bozioru - Aluniș, testimonies of the Christian life in northeastern Muntenia, and continues with the presentation of the most important archaeological discoveries in some churches and monasteries in the county (Vadu Sorești , Vintilă-Vodă, Bradu, Cârnu, Râmnicu Sărat), the result of a flourishing spiritual life in the diocese of Buzău. The consequences of the economic development of the region in close connection with the permanent commercial activities with Brașov, as well as the establishment of the second diocese of Wallachia in Buzău during Radu cel Mare (1500), are reflected in various aspects by the thematic grouping of objects. Thus, the economic activity carried out in this era is illustrated with the help of agricultural and handicraft tools, household vessels, monetary treasures, etc. discovered on the territory of Buzău county, as well as through a map with the main localities involved in commercial activities with the Transylvanian city.
Being an era with many wars and military confrontations, the exhibition included pieces of weapons of various types, trying to illustrate at the same time their evolution over time from knives to firearms. These include the Western-style sword with the cross-shaped guard discovered at Stâlpu, dating from the 12th-14th centuries, a 15th-century spear, the 15th-century Pertuizan spear, a 15th-century halberd. , a 16th-century spear, a 16th-century spear, 15th-century link shirts, and late-17th-century powder pistols.
The daily life of the people from this time period is suggested by the presentation of some household and household objects, discovered following the archeological researches from the Brâncovenesc Ensemble from Rm. Sărat: ceramic dishes (bowls, plates, fruit bowls, salt shakers, jugs mugs ”) and candlesticks, made in the local pottery workshops (we mention the plates marked with the logo of the Râmnic monastery -“ RM ”). To these were added imported vessels: Iznik pottery (coffee cups) and a silver kettle made in a Turkish workshop, important pieces in the ritual of serving coffee, which became a custom of the royal and boyar courts in the eighteenth century. -lea. Also presented are the clay pipes (pipes), decorated with geometric decoration and a night pot, coming from the "walker" of the Royal House from the monastery from Râmnicu Sărat.
Archaeological research in the Bradu and Cârnu monasteries, providing data on the monks' way of life and their burial practices, is reflected in a series of tiles (ceramic tiles covering the stoves), decorated with floral and geometric motifs, specific to the 16th century. XVII, discovered in the bodies of the cells, as well as by funerary bricks with inscriptions deposited in the graves.
One last group of medieval objects present in the exhibition are the ornaments and clothing accessories. Not missing from the clothing of those times, the bombs, earrings, wedding rings, rings, buckles, discovered in the graves in the cemeteries of Vadu-Soreşti, Bradu, Râmnicu Sărat, etc., are presented in a separate display case. Also on display are sealing rings, some simple (with floral or geometric motifs), others with the name or insignia of the rank of the holder, whose function was to put the "seal" on private documents, thus ensuring the authenticity of documents or maintaining the secrecy of correspondence.

Buzau County Museum

Buzau County Museum is the main museum institution in Buzau County. Its foundations were laid by Basil Iorgulescu and the development of the collections led to several stages of expansion. The current headquarters is the third. From 1977 until now it is housed in the building of the former Girls' School. The building, built between 1931 and 1937, is included in the list of historical monuments, being one of the most imposing buildings in the city.

The permanent exhibitions were opened here in 1980-1981, being subsequently modified and updated in 1986, 1990, 1999-2001, 2004, 2015-2017. The newest project was implemented after the complete restoration of the building (carried out in the period 2010-2015, based on the financing of 36,906,590 lei / 8,201,464 Euros offered through the Regional Operational Program 2007-2013).

In the 1980s and 1990s, the museum's collections became substantially richer as a result of archaeological research, acquisitions, and donations. In addition to the consistent collections of history and archeology, the museum's fund has grown steadily, enriching itself with valuable goods ethnographical, artist, numismatics and in the field of mineralogy and al natural sciences.

Under the auspices of the institution, a series of books were published ("Mousaios Library"), 2 annual scientific bulletins ("Mousaios" and "Annals of the Buzău”), Catalogs and monographs, fruit of the scientific research activity carried out within the museum institution.

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